Design Process

I am using Adobe Illustrator and Vector Graphics to design my Poster.
At this Blog entry I will go through design process of my Communication Design A2 Poster.

The first thing I did before starting to draw my design on the computer I draw a clear sketch in my notebook then scanned it and place it as a template in Adobe Illustrator.




After doing this I progressed into drawing the shapes from my template using the pen tool in Adobe illustrator.


Using the Pen Tool I was able to follow my template and make any corrections if needed. For example I had to straighten up the sides of the power station tower as they were not equal. After doing the Power station I did the big cloud using the same Pen Tool.


The cloud was a bit more difficult to make as it had a lot of round corners. How I did it was that I only created one middle Anchor Point in between two corner Anchor Points. This then allowed me using  the Anchor Point Convertion Tool to create smooth anchor point so that when I move them they will become round.


When I completed the main part of the drawing I still had to draw the little clouds inside the big cloud. What I did was I copied the big cloud and made it smaller as well as finishing the gap. Then I copied the small cloud and made 5 more.  After doing that I grouped 3 main part’s together of my poster which are the power station tower, the big cloud and small clouds.



Moving on I have created lines to indicate which cloud represent which country. I use Line Segment tool for that.


After completing the previous step I started to input the data. I have started of by writing all the countries down and Writing “World Co2 Emission %” In the middle of the big cloud. I have use the Text tool to input the data.


Moving on using the same text tool I wrote down the percentage to the cloud in regard of how each country contributes to total World Co2 emission.


After completing these steps I have started to color my poster with the color pallet I chose. I thought about which color should go where and decided that the power station will be grey to keep the original look of it an so it does not look like something else. The background of the poster will be sky blue with white gradient from left and right I have choose this because a lot of images that I found online in regard of this subject had sky backgrounds. The big cloud will be blue, the small clouds will be green. I have choose these 2 color combinations for big and small clouds because it is the color that we see on a lot of globes or world map pictures, which is blue and green. Another thing is that the blue associates with sky while green associates with the environment. For the Actual text and data I have choose the Yellow Color as yellow associates with warning or attention and data will need to drag atention. I believe that I choose the right colors for the right parts of my Posters to communicate it clearly.

This is my Finished Poster with all the colors and data.

Griska Gediminas – A2 poster

Design Sketches – Final Design Decision

After deciding on data visualization, color pallet and data that I will use I have started to draw sketches in my note book.

The first design concept I have came up with was with the power station towers in line. Each of the tower is different size to represent the amount of Co2 emission. the Country name would go in the middle of the tower and would be written from top to bottom. The clouds coming out from the power station tower will represent the data, which is the percentage of how much the country contributes to the Worlds Co2 emission. This is a sketch that I draw in my notebook:


As You can see I have I have identified where the information will go and which part of the concept will represent what.

After giving some consideration to the design I have thought of a different design which encountered a problem that I identified in the first design Concept. First problem was that the Vector graphics will be quite repetitive which will not make the information easy to read.

When I considered the problem I have came up with a different design concept for my Poster. This time I used one power station tower and one big cloud coming out of it. I have decided to put 6 small clouds inside the big one which will represent the data of the 6 countries I have choose. I thought that this design concept will be better form my subject as it will be easier to read for the viewer because I will minimize the amount of repetitive vector graphics I will create. This is the sketch that I draw for my second design concept:


After giving some consideration I have decided that my final design concept will be the one with one power station tower as it encounters the problem I have faced with the first concept and make the information easier to read.

Data Gathering

When we were introduced to the unit we were told not to spend a great amount of time on data gathering. My Communication Design Poster subject is “Who has the largest carbon footprint?” Because Co2 emission topic is quite widely discussed it was not hard for me to gather the data for my poster.

When collecting information I decided that I will only focus on how much each country contributes to the total Co2 emission in the world. Which should make the data easier to read, understand and compare.

I have used Statista Website to look for information and this is a graph that I found with how much each Country contributes to the total Co2 emission in the world.


After looking at the graph and Understating which Countries have the largest CO2 contribution to the World. I have decided to choose top 6 countries which are:

1. China – 23.43%

2. U.S – 14.69%

3.  India – 5.7%

4. Russia – 4.87%

5. Brazil – 4.17%

6. Japan – 3.61%

The reason I choose top 6 countries is that these one are with the highest Co2 contribution percentage. Other countries fall bellow 3% they still contribute but I felt that it is unnecessary to list a lot of countries on nearly the same percentage.


After doing my research of Data Visualization I am moving on on discovering different color pallets to understand what colors would be appropriate and go well with my Communication Design Poster.

In regard of the topic that I choose which is “Who has the Largest CO2 emission” I have already discovered images and symbols in regard of this topic. The images that I found also have me an insight what sort of colors I should use when designing my poster. Most of the pictures that I have posted previously of Power Station Towers contained white, light grey, dark grey, black color and/or grey or sky blue back ground. This gave me an idea to focus on of grey color pallet:

colour patern

The problem this color pallet has is that it does not have any bright colors which I though will not be that appealing to the viewer of the poster and most of the design could look like everything is going to one place. This might affect the design as the viewer might feel lost while looking into it.

To encounter this problem I have choose to contribute more research to find other images and color in regard of Co2 emission. While looking online for images I have found a few other colors that are brighter and associates with Co2. These are the examples :



I thought that these colors would be a better choice for my poster because of few things. First they are brighter colors. For example a yellow color could be used for warning while the green colors relates to environment and nature. After considering that these colors would be a better choice it was easier for me to combine them with other colors such as sky blue. After considering the posbilities I have came up with a different color pallet which I think is a better decision as it encounter the problems I have faced with the first one.

This is My second Color Pallet

colour patern2

I am still keeping the grey and darker grey color just because I believe this will best suit the power station Towers and the viewers will be able to identify them more easily rather than in any other color.

Data Visualization

Continuing with my Communication Design A2 poster development and research I have spend some time on Data Visualization and research in regard of what symbols, pictures, designs are in association to it. I have approached this research by looking online and mainly Google Images to see what results I get when I type CO2 in to the search field. The results I got from this type of research allowed my to come up with several design approaches I could do for my Poster.

Most of the images I have found on Google Images consisted of clouds and power station towers with smoke coming out of them. Here is a couple of examples I have found:






This types of images allowed me to come up with the several ways of how I could Visualize the data in my poster so that the viewers of it could understand it without any supporting text material. Because there was quite a lot of images containing power stations with smoke and cloud I though that using this type of visualization will allow the viewer to understand what I am trying to communicate straight away. Power Station Tower can be used in A bar chart as Bar and different sizes of them represent the CO2 emission contribution to the world. This is one of the ideas that I thought about when I saw the images which allowed me to draw a clear idea of How I would like to Visual my data.

Other images That I found on the internet where as well in association  to clouds.
For example:
This type of image is quite simple but it allowed me to think about different way of how can I approach the design. For example if I use the power stations as bars in a bar chart the actual data could be represented in cloud which are coming out of them. I believe that this type of Data Visualization would communicate quite well to the viewer as there is a lot of association to power stations and the amount of CO2 they release.

Adobe Illustrator & Inkscape

In the last workshop I was introduced to Adobe Illustrator and Inkscape software packages. I will have to use one of these software packages to make my poster for the Developing & Realisation Unit.

The workshop took 2 hours. First hour was given to the Adobe Illustrator. I was explained how to use the main User Interface of the software. I have learned how to create different shapes, how to group them, change the colour of them, move shapes around, change shapes, delete and hide parts of them etc. After following teacher guide about the basic features of the software we were allowed to have a play around with the software and create something. After introduction to the basics I was able to create an Android OS logo which only took about 5-10 minutes to make. I found Adobe Illustrator fairly easy to understand and navigate providing a lot of tools and support.

Learning Adobe Illustrator:


My Android Logo:


In the second hour of the workshop I was introduced to InkScape software package. InkScape is a free open source vector graphics editor. We were discovering the features of InkScape software by creating a Japanese doll (KOKESHI DOLL). I have learned how to navigate the software as well as how to use basics tool and create shapes and group them. We have learned similar features as we did with Adobe Illustrator. However because InkScape is a different software we learned to do it the other way around. Personally I found InkScape harder to use just because it requires to do more in terms of shape alignment, grouping and navigation. The User Interface of the software is not appealing to me as well.

Learning InkScape:

Screen Shot 2014-11-20 at 16.01.15

My Kokeshi Doll:

To summarise both Softwares are good for creating and editing Vector graphics. I believe that it is down to personal preference which one a person chooses to use. Personally I will be choosing Adobe Illustrator as the User Interface is more appealing for me. In one hour session I found it easier to understand Adobe Illustrator rather than Inkscape. The alignment of the shapes in Adobe Illustrator is easier for me because the software shows if the shapes are aligned in the same position if you move them around which is helpful when you want to mirror the shapes or create same shapes and align them in the same lines. In Inkscape you have to regard to the ruler or use a tool to align the shapes. These are the main reason why I will be choosing Adobe Illustrator over Inkscape.

I have mentioned Vector Graphics quite a few times. What is Vector Graphics ? Vector graphic is a type of image. Vector images are graphical representations of mathematical objects such as lines, curves, polygons, rectangles, squares etc. the graphics are generated by the computer and they follow x and y axis as their reference definition. Vector images (unlike raster images) are not made of dots so images can be scaled to a large size and do not loose any image quality.

Who Has the Largest Footprint – Flowchart Planning

Today in the seminar we were introduced to some ideas of how to plan our project work. We have looked at some examples of infographics and how the information is communicated visually. One of the examples we looked at was a poppy infographics which communicated the information visually about deaths at the World War I, World War II, Bangladesh War and Israel vs Palestine. I admire the idea of how the information is communicated through visual concepts as a person who saw the poppy inforgrqphic for the first time I knew what is being communicated to me almost immediately. There is not a lot of text in the poppy infographic but there as some strong visual data used that allows people to read and understand the infographic quickly. One of the most familiar visual concepts that poppy infographic uses is a timeline which most of the people are familiar with.

Here is the poppy infographic designed by Valentine D’Efilippo.


Following today’s seminar I have also created a rough flowchart considering what steps I will take towards my final project.

Here is my flowchart:


My flowchart shows that I will be considering and researching visual and data concepts such as colour patterns, symbols in regards of CO2 emission and data visualisation. My aim is to make this poster easy to read and understand from the point the first see it. A lot of CO2 Emission infographics and posters include a fair amount of text. My aim for this project is to use minimum text ant visualise data in simplest form. Following my flowchart I will extend the areas such as ‘Data Visualisation’ and look more into it.

Development and Realisation

Development and Realisation – a new unit was introduced to us today by Garrett Lynch. The Main Unit aim is to teach us how to communicate visually through different media forms such as posters. During this six week Unit we will also develop some technical skills by using different software such as Adobe Illustrator, Adobe InDesingn and InkScape.

The assignment work is split into two parts. The first part is Design Analysis. For this particular part of the assignment we have to update our blogs with the research, development of ideas and the progress that we are making towards our second part of our assignment which is Production work – Communication Design A2 Poster.

Production work – Communication Design A2 Poster is the main part of our assignment and consists 80% of the overall unit grade.

The following unit Learning Outcomes will be assessed in this assignment:

An ability to select and demonstrate appropriate skills to develop and realise professional digital design artefacts, which make creative use of a variety of media.

An ability to work both individually and collaboratively and to demonstrate a responsible and informed approach to group design work.

An ability to specify and produce appropriately designed artefacts for a defined user within a given context.

In the Assignment brief we are given subjects to choose from. By choosing a subject we have to think how we will communicate the idea of the subject visually and a set of data about it. The Following subjects are:

Where have you been and when?
What is your social network?
How many documented meteor impacts have there been?
Who lives the longest?
What is the fattest country?
Where do different genders shop online?
Who knows each other and how in Star Wars?
What type of music is the most popular?
Who has the largest carbon footprint?
How does the hydrologic cycle (also called the water cycle) work?

Looked at the subjects given to us, after some consideration, I think I will pick the “who has the largest carbon footprint?” subject. I am considering to take this subject as I have an interest in this long lasting issue in the world and have contributed some research in the past. I believe that research done in the past will help me to develop ideas for my poster. For this particular subject I will have to find out data and visualise it of a group of countries (or all countries) CO2 emission.

Here are some examples of the poster and infographics created by others:

Poster by United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)


Poster by Ivonne Pena on The Energy Collective website: